An integrated preventive environmental strategy applied to processes, products and services.
It increases overall efficiency and reduce the risks to humans and the environment.
"Cleaner production is more focuses on prevention at the source point itself.
It questions the need for a particular product.
Then it looks at other ways to satisfy the demand.
Cleaner production activities include;
It involves better management and housekeeping, substitution of toxic and hazardous materials, process modifications, and reuse of waste products.
The ultimate goal of cleaner production is to achieve a 'closed-loop' operation. Starting from raw material extraction to waste recycling with all excess materials.
The four elements of cleaner production are:
1. Precautionary Approach
Potential polluters must prove that a substance or activity will not do any harm to the environment
2. Preventive Approach
Preventing pollution at the source itself, rather than it has been created elsewhere.
3. Democratic control
Workers, consumers, and communities all have access to information. All are involved in the decision-making up to some extent
4. Integrated and holistic approach
Addressing all material, energy, and water flows using life-cycle assessment