cleaner production

Cleaner Production Techniques and Options

Cleaner Production is; An integrated preventive environmental strategy applied to processes, products, and services to increase overall efficiency and reduce risks to humans and the environment

”Rather than controlling pollution, cleaner production  is more focuses on prevention at the source point itself. It questions the need for a particular product and looks at other ways to satisfy the demand. Cleaner production activities include pollution prevention, source reduction, waste minimization, and eco-efficiency involve better management and housekeeping, the substitution of toxic and hazardous materials, process modifications, and reuse of waste products. The ultimate goal of cleaner production is to achieve a 'closed-loop' operation, starting from raw material extraction to waste recycling with all excess materials. [caption id="attachment_10" align="aligncenter" width="554"]Cleaner Production Cleaner Production[/caption] The four elements of cleaner production are: 1. Precautionary Approach potential polluters must prove that a substance or activity will not do any harm to the environment 2. Preventive Approach preventing pollution at the source rather than after it has been created at anywhere else 3. Democratic control workers, consumers, and communities all have access to information and are involved in the decision-making up to some extent 4. Integrated and holistic approach addressing all material, energy, and water flows using life-cycle assessment